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    2019年6月英語四級考試閱讀答案解析:sibling(廣州新東方)

    2019-07-26 15:24

    來源:廣州新東方

    作者:

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      答案:BADDC

      If you were like most children, you probably got upset when your mother called you by a sibling’s(兄弟姐妹的)name. How could she not know you? Did it mean she loved you less?

      Probably not. According to the first research to tackle this topic head-on, misnaming the most familiar people in our life is a common cognitive (認知的)error that has to do with how our memories classify and store familiar names.

      The study, published online in April in the journal Memory and Cognition, found that the “wrong” name is not random but is invariably fished out from the same relationship pond: children, siblings, friends. The study did not examine the possibility of deep psychological significance to the mistake, says psychologist David Rubin, “but it does tell us who’s in and who’s out of the group.”

      The study also found that within that group, misnamings occurred where the names shared initial or internal sounds, like Jimmy and Joanie or John and Bob. Physical resemblance between people was not a factor. Nor was gender.

      The researchers conducted five separate surveys of more than 1,700 people. Some of the surveys included only college students; others were done with a mixed-age population. Some asked subjects about incidents where someone close to them—family or friend—had called them by another person’s name. The other surveys asked about times when subjects had themselves called someone close to them by the wrong name. All the surveys found that people mixed up names within relationship groups such as grandchildren, friends and siblings but hardly ever crossed these boundaries.

      In general, the study found that undergraduates were almost as likely as old people to make this mistake and men as likely as women. Older people and this mistake and men as likely as women. Older people and women made the mistake slightly more often, but that may be because grandparents have more grandchildren to mix up than parents have children. Also, mothers may call on their children more often than fathers, given traditional gender norms. There was no evidence that errors occurred more when the misnamer was frustrated, tired or angry.

      51.How might people often feel when they were misnamed?

      A)Unwanted.

      B)Unhappy.

      C)Confused.

      D)Indifferent.

      關鍵詞:feel, when they were misnamed,定位到第一段:If you were like most children, you probably got upset when your mother called you by a sibling’s(兄弟姐妹的)name.文章中的upset和選項的unhappy同義替換。

      52.What did David Rubin’s research find about misnaming?

      A)It is related to the way our memories work.

      B)It is a possible indicator of a faulty memory.

      C)It occurs mostly between kids and their friends.

      D)It often causes misunderstandings among people.

      關鍵詞:David Rubin, find, misnaming,定位到第三段之后。這個問題問的是研究結果,我們去文章中找study found that. The study also found that within that group, misnamings occurred where the names shared initial or internal sounds, like Jimmy and Joanie or John and Bob.是選項[A]的同義改寫句,故為答案。

      53. What is most likely the cause of misnaming?

      A) Similar personality traits.

      B) Similar spellings of names.

      C) Similar physical appearance.

      D) Similar pronunciation of names.

      關鍵詞:the cause of misnaming,定位到第四段。The study also found that within that group, misnamings occurred where the names shared initial or internal sounds, like Jimmy and Joanie or John and Bob. Physical resemblance between people was not a factor. Nor was gender. “shared initial or internal sounds”是“similar pronunciation”的同義替換。

      54. What did the surveys of more than 1,700 subjects find about misnaming?

      A) It more often than not hurts relationships.

      B) It hardly occurs across gender boundaries.

      C) It is most frequently found in extended families.

      D) It most often occurs within a relationship groups.

      關鍵詞:surveys,1,700,find。問的是研究結果。定位到第五段。All the surveys found that people mixed up names within relationship groups such as grandchildren, friends and siblings but hardly ever crossed these boundaries.所有的調查都發現,人們在孫輩、朋友和兄弟姐妹等關系群體中會混淆名字,但幾乎從未跨越這些界限。選D

      55. Why do mothers misname their children more often than fathers?

      A) They suffer more frustrations.

      B) They become worn out more often.

      C) They communicate more with their children.

      D) They generally take on more work at home.

      關鍵詞:Why, mother, more often than fathers提問原因。Also, mothers may call on their children more often than fathers, given traditional gender norms. There was no evidence that errors occurred more when the misnamer was frustrated, tired or angry.通過最后一句話可以排除A和B,call on是communicate的同義替換。

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